Ancient Greek Settlements
In order to understand the relationships between man and space, we have to make a hypothesis that each settlement is part of a hierarchical system. The "village" is the basic settlement which directly links man with space. The study of areas where ancient settlements were discovered (Cassopaia, Corinthia, Sicyonia, Cleonaea and Thasos) leads to the hypotheses that the basic settlements in Greece were always small and that their evolution in time took place according to a hierarchical pyramid which is based on a fairly standard ratio between the basic settlements and a larger city.
From Ekistics, v.31, no.182, January 1971, p. 4-21: 21 fig.