The Man and his Work

We are wrong in many respects when we deal with movement and the city. I will concentrate here on three very basic errors.
The first problem is that we speak of "transportation." Therefore, we assign the tasks to transportation experts, forgetting that Anthropos does not live by transportation, but by movement. After all, he walks in order to do the most important things in his life; he walks to develop his muscular system, he walks around inside his home, he walks to his bed, he walks to meet his fellow human beings, he even walks to his car.
Transportation is only a part of Anthropos' movement and by overlooking this truth we benefit the machines and cause losses to Anthropos.
The second problem is that the existing transportation networks lack overall coordination. They have not been conceived as integrated systems coordinating the airways with ferry-boats, etc. as they should have been. I have not found any case in any country where the transportation network has been conceived, realized and operated as an overall system for the most economic uses of time, energy and cost, which would benefit the country as well as the individuals.
If anyone doubts this statement, I need only ask where one can find an airport where people can descend from an airplane to a connecting car and boat service, or find a regular bus service which issues tickets for the boats of the harbor to which it takes its passengers. Our networks are not unified. They are simply connected by auxiliary lines.
The third problem is that the word "transportation" implies only persons and goods. Thus we forget the existence of water (clean or otherwise), moving in pipes: of gas, oil and electricity; of the movement of messages; the telephone system; and so forth. As a result we waste a lot of space and networks.


By his knowledge of the past and his vision of the future, Constantinos Doxiadis has helped us to perceive that all human settlements acquire universal quality when they incarnate the unchangeable spirit of the city.